Android and its history
Android Versions history started with the release of Android 1.0 and after that Google has always developed the upcoming versions more featured and exciting for users. In the following context, we will have a brief intro with each version and its history.
It is the open-source operating system that means it is free and anyone can use it. mainly, it is an interface that connects the user and the system. Technically, Android designed mainly for touchscreen devices such as smartphones and tablets therefore Android is a mobile operating system based on open-source software.
Android initially developed by Android Inc. in 2003. After that purchased by Google in 2005. Google is the main sponsor and the main commercial marketer of Android. A union of developers known as Open Handset Alliance
Android versions history (code name, release date) given in the following table. Listed by their official application programming interface (API) levels.
|Version(s)||Code name||Release date||API level|
|1.1||Petit Four (not used officially)||February
|4.0-4.0.4||Ice Cream Sandwich||October
Android versions and Smartphones
These versions also known as alpha and beta versions. Android 1.0 was launched in the T-Mobile G1 (HTC dream) with a physical keyboard. Since this was the first version of Android, we can say that this is the main reason for writing the Android versions history.
Cupcake Android 1.5
The physical keyboard in the HTC dream replaced by an on-screen virtual keyboard.
Donut Android 1.6
This version provides users a Quick Search Box to perform users a lot of functions such as store files, contacts, and web searches directly from the home screen.
Eclair Android 2.0
This version released in Motorola droid phone. It causes a great change to the Android version like it contains a lock screen to swipe to unlock.
Froyo Android 2.2
Nexus One the first phone of Nexus was launched with this update in May 2010.
Gingerbread Android 2.3
This version released with Nexus S has a front camera so users can click selfies and featuring some more sensors like gyroscope and barometers, etc.
Honeycomb Android 3.0
This version is principally designed for tablets and was first released in Motorola Xoom. The big-screen simplified features like reading books and watching videos.
Ice Cream Sandwich Android 4.0
4.0 version launched with Samsung Galaxy Nexus featuring 1080p video recording, face-unlock and remove recent apps, etc.
Jelly Bean Android 4.1
On July 13, 2012 Nexus 7 tablet launched with this updated version.
KitKat Android 4.4
Android 4.4 released with Nexus 5, with hand-free access to Google using the OkGoogle feature.
Lollipop Android 5.0
Nexus 6 launched with this version with all screen sizes support in phones, tablets, TV, and Android Wear Watch.
Marshmallow Android 6.0
This version released for Nexus 5 and Nexus 6 phones, Nexus 9 tablet, and Nexus Player set-top box.
Nougat Android 7.0
Nougat launched in Nexus 5X, 6P, 9, and Pixel C. Multitasking allows users to use two apps on the same screen.
Oreo Android 8.0
This version launched in the same Nexus series and Pixel smartphones.
Pie Android 9.0
In this version single pilled shaped button used instead of a 3 button setup with automatic DND mode and extended battery.
After the release of this version, all the smartphones rolled out to get this version. The version has support for foldable phones, notification bubbles and also features a new dark theme/mode.
Android versions do not end here because now Android is going to update to a new version i.e., Android 11. Want to know more about this version click here.